The Texas Railroad Commission Form W-2 for Landmen

in Texas Railroad Commission

If you’re doing title in one of the busier areas of Texas, especially an area like the Permian Basin, you’ve probably run across plenty of continuous development and Pugh Clauses. One helpful tool in determining what zones were penetrated in a well, and what zone was completed is the Texas Railroad Commission Form W-2.

The Form W-2 is required to be filed when a new well is drilled and completed, or an existing well is plugged back into a new zone or deepened.

To show you how to find and utilize a TX RRC Form W-2, we’re going to need to use a real world example again, like we did in the previous post where we showed you how to find well production data in the Texas Railroad Commission GIS Viewer.

For this example, we’re going to check the following well (selected at random):

Kimberly #1 Well, API #329-32941

To find the well, go ahead and open up the RRC Public GIS Viewer.

This time we’re going to simply enter the well API Number instead of doing an abstract search. In the top right corner of the screen, enter the API (329-32941) and hit enter.

RRC GIS Viewer - API Number

The map will then zoom in to your well, which will be highlighted in light blue. Now, Click the circled ‘i’ at the top of the screen and select wells.

GIS Viewer - Identify Wells

Now, click on your well. This will bring up a pop-up bubble showing an overview of the well details. Scroll down to the bottom of the information in the pop-up bubble and click on the link that says “Oil/Gas Imaged Records for Lease/ID: 34109.”

GIS imaged data

This will then bring up search results in a new tab in your browser. When you scroll to the bottom you’ll see the search results for that Lease ID. Click on the link that says ‘Potential’. As you’ll notice in the search results, the imaged records will show all wells associated with that Lease ID, not just the individual well that you searched for.


Clicking on Potential will open up a new window with all of the imaged records in PDF format. Now, start scrolling down until you see the W-2 Form, with a header that looks like the following. Note that it’s a two page form.

W-2 Form Header

Below I’ve noted several key items on the forms that can be useful for landmen in analyzing their tract. See the comments following the images for detail on the notations.

W-2 Form P1

W-2 Form P2

1. Well Number.  As the imaged records you’re looking at includes all wells associated with this Lease ID, you should double check to be sure that you’re looking at the correct well.

2. Lease Name.  Again, double check that you are looking at the proper record for your well.

3. Field. The field the well is producing from is important, especially if your lease contains a continuous development clause with retained acreage that only covers the proration unit for the well. You can do a Field Rules Query here to see what the unit size is for your well. We’ll discuss this in a later post.

4. Type Well. If you are looking for information on when the well was originally drilled, be sure that ‘New Well’ is checked here. You may also want to check the W-2 forms for recompletions, deepenings or plug-backs to be certain the final depth, or producing field for the well hasn’t changed.

5. Commenced and Completed Dates. This is pretty self explanatory. It can give you some insight on the age of the underlying lease, if it was the first well drilled under the Lease ID.

6. Well Depths. The producing interval depth in this column is not useful in determining the depth severance in a Pugh Clause that calls for a termination of depths below the base of the deepest producing interval, as this is actually the top of the interval. The total depth is useful in determining severances below the total depth drilled. Don’t worry about the plug back depth.

7. Producing Interval. This column outlines the depths of the perforations in the casing.

8. Formation Record. Don’t expect this to be very accurate, but it is handy in knowing which formations were penetrated while drilling the well.

* As of January 1, 2014, the Texas Railroad Commission revised the Form W-2. You can take a look at it here:

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